Research Library

Completed Projects

Faculty, residents, interns, and veterinary students; all investigate important Shelter Medicine questions to understand the issues that impact the health and well-being of homeless and sheltered animals. The list below includes a selection of published findings of research conducted through our program.

Cooke KL, Frenzer P, Tucker SJ, Crawford PC, Kirk SK, Levy JK. 2018; Rapid diagnosis of babesia gibsoni by point-of-need testing by insulated isothermal PCR in dogs at high risk of infection. J Vet Intern Med 2018; 32(1):232-235.

Olson KR, Levy JK, Norby B, Crandall MM, Broadhurst JE, Jacks S, Barton RC, Zimmerman MS. 2015; Inconsistent identification of pit bull-type dogs by shelter staff. Vet J 2015; 206(2):197-202.

Andersen LA, Levy JK, McManus CM, McGorray SP, Leutenegger CM, Piccione J, Blackwelder LK, Tucker SJ. 2018; Prevalence of enteropathogens in cats with and without diarrhea in four different management models for unowned cats in the southeast United States. Vet J 2018; 236:49-55.

Kirk SK, Levy JK, Crawford PC. 2017; Efficacy of Azithromycin and Compounded Atovaquone for Treatment of Babesia gibsoni in Dogs. J Vet Intern Med 2017; 31(4):1108-1112.

Levy JK, Crawford PC, Tucker SJ. 2017; Performance of 4 Point-of-Care Screening Tests for Feline Leukemia Virus and Feline Immunodeficiency Virus. J Vet Intern Med 2017; 31(2):521-526.

Cannon SH, Levy JK, Kirk SK, Crawford PC, Leutenegger CM, Shuster JJ, Liu J, Chandrashekar R. 2016;  Infectious diseases in dogs rescued during dogfighting investigations. Vet J 2016; 211:64-9.

Levy JK, Nutt KR, Tucker SJ. 2015; Reference interval for rectal temperature in healthy confined adult cats. J Feline Med Surg 2015; 17(11):950-2.

Digman PA, Levy JK, Rockey LE, Crandall MM. 2014; Use of visual and permanent identification for pets by veterinary clinics. Vet J 2014; 201(1):46-50.

Levy JK, Isaza NM, Scott KC. 2014; Effect of high-impact targeted trap-neuter-return and adoption of community cats on cat intake to a shelter. Vet J 2014; 201(3):269-74.

McManus CM, Levy JK, Andersen LA, McGorray SP, Leutenegger CM, Gray LK, Hilligas J, Tucker SJ. 2014; Prevalence of upper respiratory pathogens in four management models for unowned cats in the Southeast United States. Vet J 2014; 201(2):196-201.

Hendricks CG, Levy JK, Tucker SJ, Olmstead SM, Crawford CP, Dobovi EJ, Hanlon CA. 2013; Tail vaccinations in cats: a pilot study. J Feline Med Surg 2014; 16(4):275-80.

Anderson TC, Crawford PC, Dubovi EJ, Gibbs EPJ, Hernandez JA. 2013; Prevalence of and exposure factors for seropositivity to H3N8 canine influenza virus in dogs with influenza-like illness in the United States. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2013; 242(2):209-16

Anderson TC, Crawford PC, Katz JM, Dubovi EJ, Landolt G, Gibbs EPJ. 2012; Diagnostic performance of the canine influenza A virus subtype H3N8 hemagglutination inhibition assay. J Vet Diagn Invest 2012; 24(3):499-508

Gray LK, Crawford CP, Levy JK, Dubovi EJ. 2012; Comparison of two assays for detection of antibodies against canine parvovirus and canine distemper virus in dogs admitted to a Florida animal shelter. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2012; 240(9):1084-7.

Harrison KA, Robertson SA, Levy JK, Isaza N. 2011; Evaluation of metetomidine, ketamine, and buprenorphine for neutering feral cats. J Fel Med Surg 2011; 13:896-902.

Levy JK, Lappin MR, Glaser AL, Birkenheuer AJ, Anderson TC, Edinboro CH. 2011; Prevalence of infectious diseases in cats and dogs rescued following Hurricane Katrina. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2011; 238;311-317.

Castleman WL, Powe JR, Crawford PC, Gibbs EPJ, Dubovi EJ, Donis RO, Hanshaw D. 2010; Canine H3N8 influenza virus infection in dogs and mice. Vet Pathol 2010; 47(3):507-17.

Lechner, Crawford, Levy, Edinboro, Dubovi, Caliquiri 2010; Prevalence of protective antibody titers for canine distemper virus and canine parvovirus in dogs entering a Florida animal shelter. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2010; 236(12):1317-21.

Tzipory N, Crawford PC, Levy JK. 2010; Prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis, Ehrlichia canis, and Borrelia burgdorferi in pet dogs, racing greyhounds, and shelter dogs in Florida. Vet Parasitol 2010;171:136-139.

Lord LK, Griffin B, Slater MR, Levy JK. 2010; Evaluation of collars and microchips for visual and permanent identification of pet cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2010; ;237(4):387-94.

Payungporn S, Crawford PC, Kouo TS, Chen L, Pompey J, Castleman WL, Dubovi EJ, Katz JM, Donis RO. 2008; Influenza A virus (H3N8) in dogs with respiratory disease, Florida. merg Infect Dis 2008; 14(6):902-8

Goldkamp CE, Levy JK, Edinboro CH, Lachtara JL. 2008; Seroprevalences of feline leukemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus in cats with abscesses or bite wounds and rate of veterinarian compliance with current guidelines for retrovirus testing. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2008;232:1152-1158.

Levy JK, Crawford PC, Lappin MR, Dubovi EJ, Levy MG, Alleman R, Tucker SJ, Clifford EL. 2008; Infectious diseases of dogs and cats on Isabela Island, Galapagos. J Vet Intern Med 2008;22:60-65.

Levy JK, Edinboro CH, Glotfelty-CS, Dingman PA, West AL, Kirkland-Cady-KD. 2007; Seroprevalence of Dirofilaria immitis, feline leukemia virus, and feline immunodeficiency virus among dogs and cats rescued from the 2005 Gulf Coast hurricane disaster area. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2007;231:218-225.

Patterson EV, Reese MJ, Tucker SJ, Dubovi EJ, Crawford PC, Levy JK. 2007; Effect of vaccination on parvovirus testing in kittens. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2007;230:359-363.

Fischer SM, Quest CM, Dubovi EJ, Davis RD, Tucker SJ, Friary JA, Crawford PC, Ricke TA, Levy JK. 2007; Response of feral cats to vaccination at the time of neutering. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2007;230:52-58.

Wallace JL, Levy JK. 2006; Population characteristics of feral cats admitted to seven trap-neuter-return programs in the United States. J Fel Med Surg 2006;8:279-284.

Claus MA, Levy JK, MacDonald K, Tucker SJ, Crawford PC. 2006; Immunoglobulin concentrations in feline colostrum and milk, and the requirement of colostrum for passive transfer of immunity to neonatal kittens. J Fel Med Surg 2006;8:184-191.

Crawford PC, Levy JK, Werner LL. 2006; Evaluation of surrogate markers for passive transfer of immunity in kittens. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2006;228:1038-1041.

Levy JK, Crawford PC, Werner LL. 2006; Effect of age on reference intervals of serum biochemical values in kittens. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2006;228:1033-1037.

Crawford P C, Dubovi EJ, Castleman WL, Stephenson I, Gibbs E P J, Chen L, Smith C, Hill RC, Ferro P, Pompey J, Bright RA, Medina M, Johnson CM, Olsen CW, Cox NJ, Klimov AI, Katz JM, Donis RO. 2005; Transmission of equine influenza virus to dogs. Science 2005; 310(5747):482-5.

Foley P, Foley JE, Levy JK, Paik T. 2005; Analysis of the impact of trap-neuter-return programs on populations of feral cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2005;227:1775-1781.

Browne LE, Carter TD, Levy JK, Snyder PS, Johnson CM. 2005; Pulmonary arterial disease in cats seropositive for Dirofilaria immitis but lacking adult heartworms in the heart and lungs. Am J Vet Res 2005;66:1544-1549.

Berdoulay P, Levy JK, Snyder PS, Pegelow MJ, Hooks JL, Taveres LM, Gibson NM, Salute ME. 2004; Comparison of serological tests for the detection of natural heartworm infection in cats. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2004;40:376-384.

Cistola AM, Golder FJ, Centonze LA, Williams LS, Levy JK. 2004; Anesthetic and physiologic effects of tiletamine, zolazepam, ketamine, and xylazine combination (TKX) in feral cats undergoing surgical sterilization. J Fel Med Surg 2004;6:297-303.

Crawford PC, Hanel RM, Levy JK. 2003; Evaluation of treatment of colostrum-deprived kittens with equine IgG. Am J Vet Res 2003;64:969-75.

Levy JK, Gale DW, Gale LA. 2003; Evaluation of the effect of a long-term trap-neuter-return and adoption program on a free-roaming cat population. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2003;222:42-46.

Luria BJ, Levy JK, Lappin MR, Breitschwerdt EB, Legendre AM, Hernandez JA, Gorman SP, Lee IT. 2004; Prevalence of infectious diseases in feral cats in northern Florida. J Fel Med Surg 2004;6:287-296.

Julie K. Levy, DVM, PhD, DACVIM; James E. Woods, DVM; Sherri L. Turick, DVM; Donna L. Etheridge, DVM 2003; Number of unowned free-roaming cats in a college community in the southern United States and characteristics of community residents who feed them. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2003;223(2):202-5.

Lee IT, Levy JK, Gorman SP, Crawford PC, Slater MR. 2002; Prevalence of feline leukemia virus infection and serum antibodies against feline immunodeficiency virus in unowned free-roaming cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2002;220:620-622.

Karen C. Scott, Julie K. Levy, Cynda Crawford 2002; Characteristics of free-roaming cats evaluated in a trap-neuter-return program. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2002;221(8):1136-8.

Karen C. Scott, Julie K. Levy, and Shawn P. Gorman 2002; Body condition of feral cats and the effect of neutering. J Am Vet Med Assoc. J Appl Anim Welf Sci. 2002;5(3):203-13.

Scott KC, Levy JK, Crawford PC. 2002; Characteristics of free-roaming cats presented for sterilization. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2002;221:1136-1138.

Centonze LA, Levy JK. 2002; Characteristics of feral cat colonies and their caretakers. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2002;220:1627-1633.

Levy JK, Crawford PC, Collante WC, Papich MG. 2001; Use of adult cat serum to correct failure of passive transfer in kittens. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2001;219:1401-1405.

Snyder PS, Levy JK, Salute ME, Gorman SP, Kubilis PS, Smail PW, George LL. 2000; Performance of serologic tests used to detect heartworm infection in cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2000;216:693-700.

Kass PH, Peterson ME, Levy JK, James K, Becker DV, Cowgill JD. 1999; Evaluation of environmental, nutritional, and host factors in cats with hyperthyroidism. J Vet Internal Med 1999;13:323-329.

Studies on Immunocontraception and Non-Surgical Sterilization

Fischer A, Benka VAW, Briggs JR, Draincourt M, Maki J, So Mora D, Morris KN, Myers KA, Rhodes L, Vansandt LM, Weedon GR, Wolf J, Levy JK. 2018; Effectiveness of GonaCon as an immunocontraceptive in colony-housed cats. J Feline Med Surg 2018; 20(8):786-792

Benka VAW, Levy JK. 2015; Vaccines for feline contraception: GonaCon GnRH-hemocyanin conjugate immunocontraceptive. J Feline Med Surg 2015; 17(9):758-65

Levy JK, Friary JA, Miller LA, Tucker SJ, Fagerstone KA. Long-term fertility control in female cats with GonaCon, a GnRH immunocontraceptive. Theriogenol 2011;76:15-17-1525.

Levy JK. Contraceptive vaccines for the humane control of community cat populations. J Am Repro Immunol 2011;66:63-70.

Levy JK, Miller LA, Crawford PC, Ritchey JW, Ross MK, Fagerstone KA. GnRH immunocontraception of male cats. Theriogenol 2004;62:1116-1130.

Levy JK, Mansour M, Crawford PC, Pohajdak B, Brown RG. Survey of zona pellucida antigens for immunocontraception in cats. Theriogenol 2005;62:1334-1341.

Gorman SP, Levy JK, Hampton AL, Collante WR, Harris AL, Brown RG. Evaluation of a porcine zona pellucida vaccine for the immunocontraception of domestic kittens (Felis catus). Theriogenology 2002;58:135-149.

Levy JK, Crawford PC, Appel LD, Clifford EL. Comparison of intratesticular injection of zinc gluconate versus surgical castration to sterilize male dogs. Am J Vet Res 2008;69:140-143.

Studies on Heartworm

Dunn KF, Levy JK, Colby KN, Michaud R. Diagnostic, treatment, and prevention protocols for feline heartworm infection in animal sheltering agencies. J Parasitol 2011;176:342-349.

Colby KN, Levy JK, Dunn KF, Michaud R. Diagnostic, treatment, and prevention protocols for canine heartworm infection in animal sheltering agencies. J Parasitol 2011;176:333-341.

Levy JK, Snyder PS, Taveres LM, Hooks JL, Pegelow MJ, Slater MR, Hughes KL, Salute ME. 2003; Prevalence and risk factors for heartworm infection in cats from northern Florida. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2003;39:533-537.